Friday, 11 March 2016

An environmentally just city works best for all in the end

image via iStock

by Anitra Nelson, RMIT University

Melbourne’s population is expected to almost double by mid-century, overtaking Sydney as Australia’s biggest city. But all states are growing and the increases are concentrated in the capital cities.

Along with adaptation, developing resilience and decarbonising buildings and other infrastructure – in response to climate change – the expansion and densification of the city present massive challenges for state and local council planners.

Skyscraper residential blocks and ultra-tiny apartments have already created controversy. Will Melbourne end up with a skyline like a pincushion, or Chicago without its grand style?
Are vertical communities feasible? If so, will they be gated communities?

With a two-tier, global-local real estate market and growing numbers of international students, will inner Melbourne become host – or hostage – to a clutter of boarding-house-like apartments? And will those living in oversized, energy-guzzling new homes in fringe suburbs spend hours every day in private cars to reach work, school, retail and medical services?

If planning once seemed a boring job entrenched in the minutiae of approving, rejecting or amending individual development plans, today every level of planner is engaged with stakeholders. They must argue the pros and cons of designing appropriate urban policies across vast and complex economic and social landscapes.

A recent planning proposal by RMIT University researchers Michael Buxton, Kath Phelan and Joe Hurley offers a vision of an environmentally efficient compact city. This would not only protect its cultural heritage and enhance its green spaces, but also create the possibility of building in environmental justice.

What is environmental justice?

“Environmental justice” is often spatially expressed. Say a landfill, polluting industry or airport is approved in an area of social deprivation. That means locals bear most disadvantages. Consumers elsewhere not only benefit from the resulting goods and services but are protected from the damaging impacts of their production.

Some residential areas are more exposed to industry and its hazards, which can have lasting disadvantages. Jes/flickr, CC BY-SA

An example of insidious environmental injustice, revealed by Australian health scientists, is air lead concentrations. This has caused almost one-third of the variance in suburban assault rates 21 years after exposure.

A current inquiry will suggest ways that environmental justice can be applied in the Victorian Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). However, many sources of environmental injustice, such as planning, are beyond the EPA’s mandate. That makes these honourable aims a moot point.

Pockets of disadvantage often have historical and geographic sources. However, better urban planning can turn these areas into more desirable and healthy places to live. Appropriate planning strategies can minimise spatial disadvantage by ensuring services are well, and evenly, distributed throughout a city.

Community-based planning to get the mix right

The planning proposal focuses on appropriate land supply, infill opportunities and housing types. The goal is to maximise:
…the effective functioning of the city through access to employment and service provision, avoiding inequitable outcomes and increased social division, and protecting amenity and providing high-quality urban design and environmental conditions.
This approach respects the current heritage overlay and any pre-1945 building along the city’s tramways. Extensively using brownfield and ex-industrial land in Melbourne’s middle and outer suburbs maximises densification opportunities. It also promises to rehabilitate these neglected environments with well-serviced community-centred developments.

The researchers show that sprawling development in growth areas low in amenities could be minimised and made compact to increase service quality and quantity.

The thrust of the proposal dovetails well with a recently released report by other RMIT University researchers Tania Lewis, Victor Albert and Shae Hunter. They recommend:
Using an EPA social media campaign to move away from a focus purely on “risk” and “hazards”, where communities are positioned as “victims”, to encouraging a longer-term sense of urban environmental consciousness and engagement.
Scenarios that result in concrete proposals to oppose, modify and support are essential stages in coherent and engaged community-based planning. The first proposal was written to inspire debate on a pressing cluster of challenges that every Melburnian has a stake in solving.

The authors encourage lively public discussion to develop strong urban planning policies. Without these we risk our future being decided by developers, housing industry players and real estate markets.

Principles to guide us towards cities that work for all

Discontent with housing costs and options has become a 2016 election issue. Clear demands based on key principles are needed to steer the debate among our planners, politicians and parties in fruitful directions. Environmental justice is one such principle.

Australian cities should be made to work for all inhabitants. This involves evenly spreading the environmental disadvantages of industrial and commercial activities as well as the advantages of transport, educational and medical services.

This can be done through more appropriate zoning and planning regulations. The importance of this will only increase in coming decades of growth.

A city well planned in terms of environmental justice is more equitable by nature. Such a city is likely to have fewer entrenched and divisive sociopolitical conflicts.

The Conversation
Anitra Nelson, Associate Professor, Centre for Urban Research (GUSS, RMIT), RMIT University
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.


Anonymous said...


Anonymous said...

picture of holi festival
holi celebration quotes
holi wishes message
holi message in english
holi 2016
Holi Images Download
Holi Photos
Holi Pic
Holi 2016
easter bunny
easter bunny funny
easter images jesus
what is easter
easter messages for cards
easter bunny

Anonymous said...

Happy Holi Pictures HD Photos 2016 HD Images

Shivani said...

Ability Quotes | Abraham Lincoln Quotes | Adolf Hitler Quotes | Advice Quotes | Albert Einstein Quotes | Anger Quotes | Angry Quotes | Anmol Vachan | Anti Drugs Quotes | Attitude Quotes | Beauty Quotes | Bhagat Singh Quotes | Bhagavad Gita Quotes | Bible Quotes | Birthday Quotes · Blaise Pascal Quotes · Buddha Quotes · Business Quotes · Chanakya Quotes · Change Quotes · Cheating Quotes · Children Quotes · Confidence Quotes · Confucius Quotes · Courage Quotes · Dalai Lama Quotes · Daughter Quotes · Deepak Chopra Quotes · Education Quotes · English Quotes · Father Quotes · Finance Quotes · Friendship Quotes · George Washington Quotes · God Quotes

sumit bansal said...

mothers day images and quotes
Happy Mothers Day 2016 Quotes By Son and Daughter
Mothers Day Quotes 2016

Best Mothers day HD images
Happy Mother's Day 2016Happy Mothers day poems in Hindi
a fantastic read
Mothers day 2016 images HD

International mothers day celebration ideas
Homemade Mothers Day Gifts | Unique and Easy Ideas That Suits Your Pocket

sumit bansal said...

CBSE class 10th results check
CBSE class 10th result release date
Result of 10th CBSE Board

2016 10th CBSE Results
2016 Results 10th CBSE

Anonymous said...

Happy Mothers Day Whatsapp Status
Hanuman Jayanti 2016 Images
Happy Earth Day Slogans
Happy Mothers Day Sayings

Karan Arora said...

Mothers Day
Mother’s Day
Mother's Day 2016
Happy Mothers Day
Happy Mother’s Day
Happy Mother’s Day 2016
Mother’s Day Best Wishes
Mother’s Day Best Quotes
Mother’s Day Best Wishes Quotes

Karan Arora said...

Earth Day Wishes
Earth Day 2016 Wishes
Happy Earth Day Wishes

Mothers Day said...

mothers day wishes
mother day cards
happy mothers day greetings
happy mothers day status
mother’s day gifts
Happy Mother’s day
quotes for mothers
mother day poem
Happy Mother’s day 2016
Happy Mothers Day 2016
Happy Mother’s day 2016
mothers day 2016 images
free mothers day cards
Mothers day
mother and son quotes
poems for mothers day
happy mothers day images
Mother’s day

Avni Sharma said...

Watch IPL T20 live streaming live score
VIVO IPL Live streaming
Extra Cover.Net Live Score
Extra Cover.Net Live
IPL 9 prediction
IPL 2016 today match prediction
IPL 9 circket prediction
IPL 2016 t20 match prediction
IPL 9 today match prediction
IPL 9 schedule
IPL 2016 teams
IPL t20 2016 schedule
IPL 2016 time table
IPL 9 2016 fixtures
Ball by ball t20 score
VIVO IPL 2016 prediction
IPL 9 t20 prediction
IPL 9 Toss prediction
IPL 2016 live scores
VIVO IPL 9 live score
IPL 9 match live score
Indian Premier league 2016 schedule
VIVO IPL 2016 fixtures
IPL 9 schedule
VIVO IPL final

Avni Sharma said...

Mother’s Day
Mother’s Day History
Mother’s Day Gifts Ideas 2016
Mother’s Day Gifts 2016
Women's Day 2016
Mother’s Day Images 2016
Mother’s Day Wallpapers 2016
Mother’s Day Greetings 2016
Mother’s Day Cards 2016
Mother’s Day Poems 2016
Mother’s Day Wishes 2016
Mother’s Day Messages 2016
Mother’s Day Quotes 2016
Mother’s Day Whatsapp/Facebook Status DP
Mother’s Day Gifts Ideas
Mother’s Day Gifts
Mother’s Day Images
Mother’s Day Wallpapers
Mother’s Day Greetings
Mother’s Day Cards
Mother’s Day Poems
Mother’s Day Wishes
Mother’s Day Quotes
Mother’s Day Pictures
Mother’s Day Messages

avni said...

You can find here best collection of mothers day messages images cards greetings
Mother’s day gift
Mother’s day
Mothers's Day 2016
Mother’s day gift ideas
Mother’s day Images 2016
Mother’s day Wallpapers 2016
Mother’s day Greetings 2016
Mother’s day Cards 2016
Mother’s day Wishes 2016
Mother’s day Messages 2016
Mother’s day Quotes 2016
Mother’s day Whatsapp/Facebook Status DP
Mother’s day Images
Mother’s day Wallpapers
Mother’s day Greetings
Mother’s day Cards
Mother’s day Wishes
Mother’s day Messages
Mother’s day Quotes
Mother’s day sayings
Mother’s day poems

alex said...

memorial day images
memorial day in usa
Memorial Day

dirlinigritton said...

good a wonderful method to obtain gain access to to your latest kodi addons Kodi, recently referred to as XBMC, is normally nice.

ershovayuli said...

good You can possibly download or stream your selected clips in huge definition employing ShowBox. click here all downloading the BlueStacks Android os Offline App Emulator Showbox Free Download nice.

Anonymous said...

good Google Play retail store bank account in that case The variant of Take up Retail outlet below is certainly Yahoo Take up 5.0.38. nice.

Naeem Nomi said...

Happy Teachers Day

filehipo said...

nice, I really liked your post.Really looking forward to read more.
canon ip2770 driver

I really liked your post.Really looking forward to read more.
canon ip2770 driver

Coco Love said...

She is one of the leading program faces familiar to the public, the audience is much concern and love. Although she is not too active speech but clear voice, rich knowledge and outstanding looks help her impress when aired.
slitherio game l download piano tiles 2 l run 2 online l happy wheels game

Mai Anh said...

Furthermore is my home, and she's pretty close together that when she encountered difficulties problem is that I will be present. Initially, the feelings of both stop at a friend, but it is true that a long straw near the fire, and now I also sharp and she has a twin.
facebook baixar l baixar slitherio l baixar whatsapp gratis

gleason ricardo said...

good the type of utility provided by the program is astounding! Vidmate Download complete telephone to locate that one video nice.

danny donald said...

thanks for sharing the

audreybphillips said...

good TELEVISION shows as well as even more. Vidmate Free Download to use Android applications on the move! Besides that, best.

audreybphillips said...

Great This app is not just available for phone download imo for pc The most vital function of IMO is that it is one Fine.

bettycyoung said...

good Thousands of messaging stickers and also smiles are offered. imo for android like windows XP or home windows 10 or home windows nice.

cathrynzbrown said...

good that could be downloaded so you could enjoy Mobdro for PC You do not need to worry too much about best.

cathrynzbrown said...

Great that must not be using the wifi and also acquire wifi kill pc is not so tough. Now to download the WiFi eliminate Fine.

virginiaddavis said...

good it's incredibly easy and virtually moron proof. After Fusion Kodi type of like an improved third-party database nice.

tanki online said...

Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write.
Thanks for sharing !
tanki online 2 | 2048 game online

Anonymous said...

Shiko Live

Big Brother Albania Kanali 2

desitv said...

hmm i must say really great article written by you im also working on tv serials written updates this is just a help for me how to write and great article thanks.

desi tashan

Expertise for Hire said...

I have to agree with the fact that environment is very important, and at all costs, people should preserve it. I find the post quite relevant, informative and creative. Great work. maybe you are one of the people that have been looking for the best STATA Professionals Online, and at this time you almost are giving up. You shouldn't since we are here and very ready to assist you. Our services are quality guaranteed.

vex 3 said...

Your post is great and meaningful. Thank you for sharing this article. I would like to receive better and better articles.

Assignment Help said...

Very nice post you have to share us

My Assignment Help said...

Nice post you have to share us

Accounting Assignment Help said...

Thank you for posting such a great blog! I found your website perfect for my needs.
Management Assignment Help
Nursing Assignment Help
Marketing Assignment Help

Academic Writing Services said...

Need Academic Writing Services? Hire EssayCorp for Availing the best online assignment help and academic writing services at an affordable price with 100% plagiarism free. For more information contact us at or whatsApp us on +1 (205) 7088703.

Get python assignment help, accounting assignment help,Java Assignment help provided by best experts from EssayCorp.

Anonymous said...

Nice article on blockchain. It will have different application because of its encryption techniques.

car rental in lonavala
digital business card
pawna lake camping

rthfnfvn said...

This is very attention-grabbing, You’re an excessively skilled blogger.
I’ve joined your rss feed and look ahead to seeking more of your excellent post.

Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if
you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you stop
it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any help is
very much appreciated.

Dragon City Mod Apk

Wishing Happy Birthday said...

This Article is Very Good...If You Want To Wish On Someone's Birthday 🎁, Check This Wishing Happy Birthday

simulanis said...

Virtual Reality-The team at Simulanis is led by Raman at the helm, who is a well decorated, top-rank holder and a multi-award winning Masters in Chemical Engineering with Honours in Research (MEng. Hons.) from the University of Manchester (UK). His core interests lie in the de¬velopment and application of process simulation and optimization models to solve real world problems, and since November 2013 has steered it to become one of the most innovative and powerful na¬tional award winning AR- Virtual Reality startup in India.

Wishes Sharing said...

Happy Birthday Images Free

Sourabh said...

Wow nice article keep share with us..

Hanif Miah said...
Codetextpro Provides free Web tutorial, HTML, CSS, C, C++, Java, JavaScript, PHP, MySql, Python, Program, Programming Notes, Programming Questions and more.

Famous Peoples said...

Very Nice Article.

Famous Celebrities

impressbss said...

That was a great blog. thank you for such information
keep posting

Liquid acrylic signage in Chennai said...

This blog is a fascinating one and it induces me to know more about it. Thanks for the sharing.
Hospital signage in Chennai
Metal letters in Chennai

Abhishek said...

Thanks on your marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.
I will be sure to bookmark your post and definitely will come back someday.
I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great work, have a nice weekend!
Electronic Enclosure Design

Arduino Enclosure Design

Raspberry-Pi Enclosure Design

Unknown said...

I truly love your site... Great colors & theme. Did you build this amazing site yourself?
Please reply back as I’m looking to create my own personal site and
would love to find out where you got this from or what the theme is called.
Appreciate it!
I like your websites

Dr. Smilez Dental Center said...

All doctors and staff are committed to providing an overall positive experience for each patient. Combining this attitude of comfort and service with technology, we aim to offer a new standard of care in dentistry. All dental records, including X-rays, will be digitized and stored on servers.

Ceramic braces cost in India
Full Mouth Implants in Chennai

Keira Doltan said...

Thanks for sharing this information. This is very informative and helpful for me. Do my assignment cheap help the student, writing on a different topic subject not matter.also solve students problem.

All Sim Offer said...

Thank you so much for giving pieces of information.
Bangladeshi sim Offer

Famous Peoples said...

Nice Article.

Vijay Shankar

Dofi Sama said...

Nice Article

Bamboo Sticks | Kite Stiks Formula

All Sim Offer said...

Banglalink Internet Offer 2019 | All Internet Package
Banglalink sim Offer

All Sim Offer said...

How to check Robi is in Bondho SIM
Robi bondho sim offer 2019

Anonymous said...

Wow nice post, keep share with us such informative articles..

don't forget to visit us: Mooring Rope Manufacturer

himanchal dwivedi said...

wow..!! such a nice article you have done it's really useful and giving us value. your

writing tactic really appreciated and well organized. thanks for sharing valuable post for

us. I pleasure to share Motivational Quotes in Hindi hope you all like it

Menstellar said...

Types of fades

Bachelor Developer said...

I am overwhelmed by your post with such a charming subject. For the most part I visit your destinations and get revived through the information you fuse yet the present blog would be the most measurable. Well done!

custom stickers printing

custom stickers printing said...

I'm really impressed about the info you provide in your articles. If you want to invest in suits and be stress-free, then you should shake hands with us. We are providing great clothing in the most reasonable price range that you wouldn’t find anywhere else. Put your trust in us as your supplier since we are the prominent printed stickers uk You can rely on us for the clothing problems we assure you we will never let our customers down.

Shayarix said...

For latest status , inspiration quote , hindi shayari .... Without wasting more time visit

Job NMK said...

nmk Its very helpful information
job nmk also follow you.

QuickBooks Payroll Support said...

Dial our QuickBooks Payroll Support 1-855-236-7529 to get answers for all the general queries and questions.
For more information do connect with us at our:

Vanshika said...

Amazing post. Thanks for sharing. Ludhiana escorts

Anderson said...

Great article.

InsightHiking said...

Hey Anitra,
Simply excellent. I have read so many things in this post. Thanks for sharing. If you are interested in hiking tips please visit InsightHiking Site.

Zilabazar said...

wery nice article
web design company in riyadh

earning techniques said...

Read this article to get some tips and tricks for fiverr visit this article
How to make money with Fiverr: Tips and tricks

kerala matrimony second marriage said...

Nice blog. Thanks for sharing
second marriage sites
divorcee matrimony
second marriage matrimonies
kerala matrimony second marriage
second marriage kerala matrimony
kerala second marriage
second marriage matrimony
kerala matrimony
kerala divorcee matrimony

عبده العمراوى said...

شركة عزل اسطح بالنعيرية
شركة تنظيف فلل بالجبيل

quickbboks technical support phone number +1-855-236-7529 said...

QuickBooks Tech Support Phone Number +1-855-236-7529: A Key To Unlock Surplus Solutions.

Cheap Boxes Printing said...

Wonderful article! That is the kind of info that are supposed to be shared across the net. Disgrace on the search engines for not positioning this publish upper! Come on over and seek advice from my website. Thanks =)
Cheap Boxes Printing

Custom Boxes said...

Hello, I want to subscribe for this web site to take most up-to-date updates, thus where can i do it please help out.
Custom Packaging Boxes UK

aman aggarwal said...

HIRE US for Digital Marketing . Visit

Anonymous said...

Hair And Care oil
hi i

Ajay Gaur said...

Precautions when welding solid core solder wire

Lead-Free Solder Wire manufacturer in Bhiwadi

Lead-Free Solder Wire manufacturer in Delhi

Solder Wire

Fiber Laser marking machine

Ajay Gaur said...

Hi My Self Ajay Gaur I Suggest that if any one wants some industrial product then they can visit to the given linksPrecautions when welding solid core solder wire

Lead-Free Solder Wire manufacturer in Bhiwadi

Lead-Free Solder Wire manufacturer in Haryana

Lead-Free Solder Wire manufacturer in Gurgaon

Lead-Free Solder Wire manufacturer in Delhi

Solder Wire

Best Quality Solder Wire

Fiber Laser marking machine

Vertical Injection Molding Machines

Crimping Machines

QuickBooks Customer Service said...

QuickBooks Customer Service

Visit here :

Raju said...

Dream 11 Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Vivo IPL Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Indian Bhabhi Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Hot Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

18+ Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Sex Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Porn Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

18+ American Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Randi Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Raju said...

Amazing Post, Thank you for sharing this post really this is awesome and very useful.

Sir Very Nice Whatsapp Group Join Link 2019 Like Porn,Sex,Girl, Fuck, Hard sex Click here For more Information
18+ Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here
PORN Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here
SEX Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here
ADULT Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here
HOT Whatsapp Group 2019 Click Here

Zubair Ahmed said...

Awesome! keep it up your work. you are providing precious information to users. i also heard
Mobile Packages providing same information. keep your work continue.

Islamic dua helpline said...

"Bilal Khan is an Islamic scholar and a Muslim astrologer at Online Dua to get Love back. He has 24 years of experience in solving peoples problems with the help of Holy Quran Sharif.

Dua For Someone To Come Back To You

dua to make someone fall in love with you

kisi ka Rishta todne ka wazifa

Dua To Increase Love In Husband Heart

Dua to make someone love you back

Dua For Marriage

Wazifa to get lost love back"

VARMAJI said...

This is very good website and informative article. You give the tips to read every newbie
This is very good website and informative article. You give the tips to read every newbie

Best Event Planner said...

I am completely agree with you, I am an amazing fan of your site, genuine guard post Keep making such stunning post,

Thanks for sharing.

Jaipur Sightseeing Taxi